Composite Films from Sodium Alginate and High Methoxyl Pectin - Physicochemical Properties and Biodegradation in Soil

Ayten O. Solak, Svetla M. Dyankova*

Institute of Cryobiology and Food Technologies, 53 Cherni vrah Bul, 1407 Sofia, BULGARIA
* Corresponding author: svetla.diankova@ikht.bg
 

Abstract. The increased public attention on the waste pollution and the awareness of the hard environmental problems is the reason for the need of new materials which are susceptible to degradation in nature for a short period of time. The biopolymer films and coatings based on renewable natural sources are suitable for obtaining of biodegradable packaging. The newly developed composite films based on sodium alginate and apple high methoxyl pectin were studied for total soluble matter, swelling in water, water vapors transmission rate and biodegradation in soil. The analysis of their behavior in water medium showed a considerably higher rate and degree of dissolution of the pectin monocomponent film compared to the composite and alginate films. The composite alginate-pectin films showed lower water vapors transmission rate even under extreme conditions (38ºC, RH 90 %) compared to the monocomponent films. All investigated films degraded in soil up to 80 days. The good barrier properties to water vapors and the complete biodegradation in soil make the films based on sodium alginate and high methoxyl pectin potential ecological materials for packing and coating of foods and pharmaceutical products

Key words: composite films, alginate, high methoxyl pectin, solubility, water vapors transmission rate, biodegradation.

Ecologia Balkanica, 2014, vol. 6, Issue 2, pp. 25-34

Article № eb.14112, ICID: 1140464 [Full text - PDF]pdf

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