Current Trends in the Studies of Allelochemicals for Their Application in Practice

Arsen V.Viter*, Victoria O. Polevik, Oksana I. Dzjuba
 
M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1 Tymiryazevska Str., 01014, UKRAINE
*Corresponding author: viter_a@ukr.net
 

Abstract. The allelochemicals have been largely used in agriculture, forestry, landscape design and ornamental plant growing for many decades. However, there is a lack of the comprehensive studies, where existing publications are analyzed and synthesized with regards to the theoretic aspects for such usage. The objective of this paper was to systemize the advances in the research on allelochemicals' application in practice. Numerous novel methodological propositions have risen recently. We classified them into the physical, chemical, biological, biotechnological and cropgrowing approaches. The allelochemicals consist of the wide diversity of the substances according to their chemical nature. Among these substances we outlined, firstly, the unidentified plant exudates and the products of green manuring, secondly, the chemically characterized or purified substances, which include alcohols, organic acids, aliphatic compounds, aromatic, alicyclic and nitrogen-contain organic compounds. Several groups of the biotic sources of allelochemicals were described: dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous plants, particularly under their colonization by non-pathogenic strains of Fusarium oxysporum, marine flora and fungi, which exhibit the herbicidal activity. Different targets of the allelochemical application were listed in the paper and they were categorized into several groups: higher flora, animals, unicellular and multi-cellular fungi. We concluded that there is lack of the modern multifaceted knowledge bases for the information about the allelochemical application. Those knowledge bases must be useful in order to choose the appropriate biological method for solving each particular problem of plant cultivation. To that end we systemized the results of current investigation about the usage of allelochemicals in practice.

Key words: allelochemical, crop-growing, crop protection, donor, mechanism of action, organic farming, pathogen control.
 
Ecologia Balkanica, 2015, vol. 7, Issue 1, pp.135-148

Article № eb.15302, ICID: 1164573 [Full text - PDF]pdf

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