Effect of Ecotourism on Plant Biodiversity in Cherlagh Protected Area North-Eastern Iran

Amir HosseinZarghi1*, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini2, Hamid Ejtehadi3
1 - Instructor of Kheradgerayan Motahar Institute of Higher Education, Mashhad, IRAN
2 - Tarbiat Modares University, Faculty of Natural Resources and Marine Science, Department of Forestry, Noor, Mazandaran, IRAN
3 – Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM), Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, IRAN
Corresponding author: Zarghi.amirhosein@gmail.com
Abstract. Due to importance of considerable effects of ecotourism on environment, the effect of ecotourism on plant biodiversity in Cherlagh zone was investigated .To acquire the aim of the article, the sampling area was selected under the condition that the ecotourism is solely the variable factor and the slope, direction and height are considered constant factor after evaluation of the ecological land unit drawings. Two zones of high pressured and low pressured ecotourism were considered after evaluation of related drawings. Samples were taken in spring 2010. For evaluation of the plant biodiversity 60 samples of 1 m2 (30 samples in each zone) were taken randomly and then the list of flora and the cover percentage of vegetation were recorded and then the percentage of vegetation data were analyzed in PAST software individual , the biodiversity (Shanon, Simpson) richness (Menhinick, Margalef) evenness (Dominance, Berger parker,) indices were calculated. The mentioned indices were inserted in SPSS II software and the data normality was tested through Kolomogrov-Smirnov test also the homogeneity of variances was tested using Leven test. Due to data normality, non-paired T test was used in order to compare diversity analysis. The results indicate that the richness and individual indices show significant effects of ecotourism on biodiversity indices.
Key words: Ecotourism, Biodiversity, Evenness, Dominance, Richness.

Ecologia Balkanica, 2015, vol. 7, Issue 2, pp. 13-20
Article № eb.15125, ICID: 1188473, [Full text - PDF]pdf

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