Monitoring Ozone Effects on Vegetation: A Review

Nikolina P. Gribacheva1, Gana M. Gecheva2*
 
1 - Forest Research Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 132 Kliment Ohridski St., 1756 Sofia, BULGARIA
2 - University of Plovdiv, Faculty of Biology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Conservation 24 Tsar Asen St., 4000 Plovdiv, BULGARIA
*Corresponding author: ggecheva@mail.bg
 
Abstract. One of the most phytotoxic air pollutants is ozone, which can cause considerable damage to vegetation: visible leaf injury, reduction in yield quantity and quality and reduction in photosynthesis, alterations to carbon allocation, and in the sensitivity to biotic and abiotic stresses. Ozone is a secondary pollutant and prevailed at high concentrations over rural regions. Moreover, ozone concentrations are expected to increase in the future and will continue to be a serious threat to crop productivity. This paper presents a comprehensive review the undertaken studies of ozone's impacts on crops and natural ecosystems.
 
Key words: Ozone, Monitoring, Plants, Crops.
 

Ecologia Balkanica, 2019, Special Edition 2, pp. 217-227
Article № eb.19SE2S3 [Full text - PDF]pdf

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