Agro-Еcological Assessment of Ovcharitsa Dam (Bulgaria) Water Used For Thermal Power Plant Cooling

Diyana M. Dermendzhieva1, Georgi I. Zhelyazkov2*, Georgi G. Beev3, Gergana S. Kostadinova1, Toncho G. Dinev3, Georgi S. Petkov1
1 - Trakia University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Applied Ecology and Animal Hygiene, Stara Zagora 6000, BULGARIA
2 - Trakia University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Biology and Aquaculture, Stara Zagora 6000, BULGARIA
3 - Trakia University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Biochemisrtry, Microbiology and Physics, Stara Zagora 6000, BULGARIA
*Corresponding author:
Abstract. Ecological (as a natural source) and agricultural (as a resource for fish farming and irrigation of crops) assessment of Ovcharitsa Dam water, used for thermal power plant (TPP) cooling was carried out in one monitoring point by measurement of 12 physicochemical parameters (temperature, transparency, pH, EC, DO, COD, BOD5, unionized NH3, NO2-, NO3-, total N and P- PO4), one biological parameter (chlorophyll-а), 9 pesticides and volatile organic compounds /VOC/ (atrazine, simazine, diuron, 1,2,3-, 1,2,4- and 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene, tetrachloroethane, trichloromethane, hexachlorobutadiene) and 6 microbiological parameters (aerobic mesophilic microorganisms, coliforms, total coli titer, Escherichia coli counts, E. coli titer, Salmonella spp. counts), stipulated in Bulgarian legislation in 2016-2017 (REGULATIONS: No. 4, 2000; No. 18, 2009; On EQS for priority substances and certain other pollutants, 2010 and No. H-4, 2012). The water samples were taken periodically during a two-year period: for physicochemical and biological analysis – in February, April, June, August and November; for microbiological observation – in June, August and November; for pesticides and VOC – in April. Water sampling, sample preparation and analysis were performed according international ISO and BSS standards. It was found that: a) the dam water ecological status was determined as "poor" by chlorophyll-a content and "very poor" by orthophosphates content based on the lowest estimates for the monitored parameters; b) with regard to the content of pesticides and VOC, the dam water was defined as water "in good chemical status"; c) the values of all monitored parameters were within the ranges (recommended and mandatory) for carp fish water with exception of temperature and unionized NH3, which exceeded the norms during some months of the year; d) according to measured water transparency, the trophic state of dam water was determined as hypereutrophic; e) the microbial status of the analyzed water demonstrated that it was not suitable for irrigation because it exceeded norms for total coli-titer and E. coli-titer, and due to the presence of intestinal pathogens (Salmonella spp.), which are not allowed in the water for irrigation.
Key words: dam water, physicochemical and microbiological parameters, priority pollutants, water quality, natural source, fish farming, irrigation.

Ecologia Balkanica, 2019, vol. 11, Issue 2, pp. 167-180
Article № eb.19121 [Full text - PDF]pdf

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